How to write an introduction and conclusion paragraph?

How To Write An Introduction And Conclusion Paragraph?

Introduction and conclusion of any essay/article function together. It must revolve around the frame of the argument written in the essay. Learning how to write an introduction and conclusion paragraph can be easy if some basic tips are followed. Your introduction must signify your topic, showcase your focus, and attract your reader.

A good conclusion will provide a sense of completeness to the essay. It must present your context in front of the reader. Your conclusion paragraph should motivate the reader to know more about the topic.

There is no hard and fast rule or any magical formula by which you can know how to write an introduction and conclusion paragraph.  But in this segment you will get a complete guide that will help you in this process:

1. The Introductory Paragraph

It is normally the first paragraph of your essay. Your introduction needs to be designed in such a way that your reader can understand the topic. Look at some of the points below that will begin your essay with a hook:

●  How to write an introductory paragraph:

a.  Illustrate an interesting fact about the topic.

b. Elaborate on the seriousness of the problem you are addressing.

c.  Start with a quote.

d. Write about the basic history of the topic.

e.  Use a brief tale about the story that demonstrates your topic.

f.  In a science paper, elaborate on lead scientific concepts and include relevant literature.

g. Showcase how much you have researched about the topic.

h. For a technical paper, start by defining a term that probably the readers don’t know.

i.   State some necessary background about the topic.

●  What does an introduction paragraph include?

a.  Basic information about the topic.

b. Something humorous that attracts the audience.

c.  Addressing the audience if possible.

d. Sets the scope for further discussion about the topic.

e.  Ends with a thesis statement.

●  Things to avoid while writing an introduction paragraph:

a.  Don’t state too wordy or bookish definitions.

b. You should not write obvious things.

c.  Don’t write details or in-depth explanations. It belongs to the body paragraph.

●  General Tips about the introduction paragraph:

a.  If you can’t think of an introduction at the start don’t waste much time on it. Start writing the body and then go back to the introduction paragraph.

b. If you have written the introduction in the start to explore your thinking. Don’t hesitate to re-write it if something else comes to your mind afterward.

c.  An effective introductory paragraph should wrap up in three-quarters of the first page.

d. If you are writing a long essay the introduction paragraph size will increase accordingly. For example- a 20-page essay requires a 2-page introduction. 

e.  Get to the main topic as soon as possible. Don’t confuse the reader. Otherwise, they will lose interest in reading.

●  Examples of an introductory paragraph:

a.  Interesting fact: In recent times studies show that dog owners live up to 25% longer than those without pooch companions, on average. A dog can have a range of physical and mental health benefits for its owner.

b. Anecdotal start: When I was a child, sanitary pads advertising made me curious. I used to ask my mother and sister about it. Nobody explained things to me properly. Later, when I grew up I came to know that people have created a taboo out of this. That’s when I started the menstrual awareness campaign.

c.  Statistics: Current vaccine production capacity can only fulfill the demand of 40% of the whole Indian population. The government allocated an amount of 4000 crore rupees to increase vaccine production.                         

2. The conclusion paragraph

This paragraph completes the frame around the essay’s argument. The statement which was opened in the introductory paragraph needs closure in the conclusion paragraph. It reminds your reader of the main points of your essay. Consider the tips below while writing your conclusion.

●  How to write a conclusion paragraph?

a.  Start with your rephrased thesis statement to recall your reader about the subject.

b. Try to summarize the points in fewer words.

c. Your points should justify the argument you are standing for. It means to tie up all the pieces of your writing together.

d. Try to elaborate on the significance of your topic or discussion or argument.

e.  Throw some suggestions and recommendations to your reader.

f.  If talking about an issue, warn the readers about the possible consequences.

g. Use an appropriate expert opinion or visual image to summarize.

h. In science or technical writing, mention impactful masses for future research on your topic.

●  What does a conclusion paragraph include?

a.  Representation of thesis statement.

b. The mirror image of the first paragraph

c.  The whole essay sums up.

d. Must leave the reader with a sense of completion.

e.  Elaborate the discussion in a wider scope.

●  Things to avoid in a conclusion paragraph:

a.  Don’t bring up minor points.

b. Avoid introducing new information.

c.  Don’t write phrases like “At last” or “In conclusion”.

d. You should not make any apology statements in the end. It might contradict your research.

●  General tips about conclusion paragraph:

a.  The length of the conclusion paragraph will vary from topic to topic.

b. For most essays, one paragraph conclusion is enough. But in some cases, a two-or-three paragraph conclusion is required.

c.  The conclusion must contain your critical thinking.

d. Try to expand your focus at the end of the essay.

●  Examples of a conclusion paragraph:

a.  Interesting fact: From the all-around discussion, much research states that a dog’s owner is likely to live more than others. Getting a dog as a pet brings peace and prosperity to your life.

b. Motivational conclusion: Menstrual talks are considered taboo in India. This topic needs our focus and action. It’s high time we make period talks a normal thing. In our society, a girl should not doubt her individuality because of taboos.

c.  Statistical conclusion- For a fast distribution of vaccines, companies need to produce 150-200 million doses every month. They need government support and donations to make this work. 

Understand that there is no magical formula to learn how to write an introduction and conclusion paragraph. It differs in every topic. No essay is the same as the other. All you need to do is understand the key point and generate an introduction and conclusion paragraph.

Having any views or comments to share? Feel free to use the comment section below.

Also read: 5 Lessons On How To Deal With Academic Failure?

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