With Examples: How To Cite Sources in Harvard Referencing Style?
Harvard referencing style is an easy-to-use, comprehensive guide that makes citing any source easy. It is another style of using the author-date system for in-text citations. In this segment, you will learn all about Harvard referencing style.
You will learn:
1. Harvard Referencing Basic: Reference List
2. Harvard Referencing Basic- In Text
3. Different ways of citation.
4. How to Cite Different Source Types?
Harvard Referencing Basic: Reference List
These are located at the end of the job and display complete citations for sources used in the assignment. This list contains information about the sources like date of publication, title, author, and more. A Harvard reference list must comprise:
1. It should be on a different sheet at the end of the assignment.
2. Must be organized alphabetically by the author. Moreover, if there is no author then it is ordered by the title.
3. If there are numerous works by the same author these are cited by date.
4. If the assignments are in the same year they are cited by date.
5. If the works are in the same year, they are ordered alphabetically by the title and are allotted a letter after the date.
6. It should have a proper space. There should be a full, vacant line of space between each line of text.
7. Must include full references for all in-text references used.
Normally, Harvard Reference List citation follow this format:
Last name, First initial. (Year Published). Title. City. Publisher, Page(s).
Harvard Referencing Basic- In Text
This style is mostly used by students. An in-text citation is a type of Harvard referencing style that is used to cite specific parts of their paper. The parts are rescripted or restated directly from the source.
Every in-text citation generally exhibits the last name of the author and the year the source was published. It is located at the end of a rescripted or restated sentence. This reference is written in between the main body of the text. It also refers to a quote or paraphrase.
In-text references are shorter than full references. It contains:
1. Author’s and editor’s surname.
2. Year of publication and the page number.
Example: Michelle Maria- Author, Michelle (2018, p. 200) states or (Michelle, 2018, p. 200).
Different ways of citation.
1. Two or Three Authors:
When citing an assignment with two or three authors, enter all surnames like so:
Example: Michelle, Roya, and Willi (2018, p. 200) states or (Michelle, Roya, and Willi, 2018, p. 200).
2. Four or More Authors:
Here, the first author’s surname should be stated followed by “et al”:
Example: Michelle et al (2018, p. 200) states or (Michelle et al, 2019, p, 200).
3. No Author:
Instead of the author’s name use the organization responsible for the post.
Example: (Citation guide, 2018, pp. 200=204).
4. Multiple works from the same author in the same year:
If citing multiple works from one author released in the same year. Sources are allocated through a letter after the year. Also, done alphabetically as per the author’s surname and source title:
Example: (Michell, 2018a, p. 200) or Michell (2018b, p. 200).
5. Citing different editions of the same work in one parenthesis:
You need to comprise the author’s name only once. It will be followed by all the correct dates divided by semicolons:
Example: Michelle (2018; 2019) states or (Michelle, 2018; 2019).
6. Citing multiple works in one parenthesis:
State the in-text citations in a normal way. And place semicolons between references:
Example: Michelle, 2018, p. 200; Roya, 200; Willi, 2019, pp. 143-147).
7. Citing a reference with no date:
In place of the year use “no date” in this case:
Example: (Michelle, no date, p. 200).
How to Cite Different Source Types?
Harvard referencing style uses two types of citation format: In-text citation and Reference list.
1. How to cite a book in Harvard format:
The simplest format of Harvard referencing style books.
Example: Michelle, Roya, and Willi, M. (2018) Citation guide. 3rd edn. New York: New York Publishings.
2. How to cite a website in Harvard format:
To cite a website the format is:
Author surname(s), initial(s). (Year of publishing) Title of page/site (Online. Available at URL (Accessed: day month year).
Michelle, R.A. (2018) Pros and cons to eating (Online). Available at: https://www.prosandconstoeating.com/ (Accessed: 29 July 2018).
3. How to cite an edited book in Harvard format:
Here, terminology (eds.) is used to reference edited books. To do this follow the following format:
Editor surname(s), initial(s). (eds.) (Year Published). Title. Edition. Place of publication; publishers
Example: Michelle, R.A (eds.) (2017) Referencing: Citation rules. New York: My publisher.
4. How to cite an online journal or newspaper article in Harvard format:
In an online journal or newspaper article, the page numbers section is switched with DOI or URL. The format is:
Author’s surname(s), initial(s). (Year) “Title of article”, “Title of journal, volume(issue/season) (Online). Available at URL or DOI (Accessed: day month year).
Example: Michelle, R.A. “Citation methods in Harvard”, The London Times, 14(9) (Online). Available at: https://londontimes.com/referencemanagement/referencemanager (Accessed: 14 October 2018).
5. How to Cite an E-Book in Harvard format:
Here, information about its collection, location online, and the date it was accessed are needed while referencing an e-book. Other than this, author name, title, and year of publishing.
Format of referencing an E-book is:
Author surname(s), initial(s). (Year Published). Title. Edition. E-book format (e-book reader). Available at URL and DOI (Accessed: day month year).
Example: Michelle, R.A, Roya, Muse. and Willi, U.A (2018) Citation Guide. Ebook library (online). Available at: https.//www.citationguide.com/referencemanagement/referencemanager (Accessed 12 October 2018).
Harvard referencing style is the most used and efficient style of citing courses. Through the above-mentioned points, you can easily understand and implement. If you need any further help you can approach our chat help desk and ask to get a citation done for your assignment.
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